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Julian of Toledo
Preface
Table of Contents
Ancient Manuscripts
A printed ed. XVI c.
About the Editor
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Ask the Editor: tstancati@gmail.com

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                              

Preface
Acknowledgments

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I:
THE HISTORICAL, POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS ENVIRONMENT OF VISIGOTHIC SPAIN IN WHICH WAS BORN AND LIVED JULIAN OF TOLEDO

The origin and the development of the Visigothic domination on Spain
The Catholic turn of the Visigoths
The assimilation of the Visigoths to the Hispanic-Roman culture
The shine of Visigothic Spain in which Julian of Toledo was born
The Catholic Church of Spain as partner of the Visigothic empire
The role of the Catholic hierarchy in the development of the Visigothic empire
The weakness of the Hispanic-Visigothic empire
The Visigothic Hispanic anti-judaism
The doctrinal polemic of Julian of Toledo with the Talmudic Judaism
The Kingdom of Toledo: the imperial city of the Visigothic empire (507-725)
The society and the economy of the Hispanic-Visigothic empire in the VII century
The Church of Spain before and after the barbaric invasions
The Spanish Liturgy: Hispanic-Roman and Hispanic-Visigothic or Mozárabe

Notes to the Chapter I

CHAPTER II: LIFE AND WORKS OF JULIAN OF TOLEDO (642-690 A.D.)

A)
The historical-biographical sources of the life and works of Julian of Toledo.
The secular confusion between Julian of Toledo and Iulianus Pomerius
The birth of Julian and the baptism received in the Cathedral of Toledo
The question of the probable Jewish origin of Julian of Toledo.
Education and pedagogic formation in the Visigothic Kingdom
The adolescence of Julian: his education and formation at the Cathedral School of Toledo
Julian of Toledo: Hispanic-Roman or Visigothic?
The fervent young Christian Julian and the great friendship with the noble Visigothic Gudila
The unsatisfied monastic desire of the two friends
The ecclesiastical careers of Julian and Gudila
The election and the consecration of Julian as Bishop of the Episcopal See of Toledo
Bishop Julian, expert reformer in liturgical and canonical matter
Julian of Toledo, Primate of Spain and President of four Toledan Councils
The Councils of the Visigothic Church and their political-religious dimension
The ecclesiological and political importance of the eighteen Councils of Toledo
Julian of Toledo and the Kings of Visigothic Spain
Julian of Toledo and King Wamba's deposition
Julian of Toledo and King Ervig
The anti-Judaic laws of the XII Council of Toledo
The Primacy of the Episcopal See of Toledo over all the Churches of Spain
The presumed anti-Judaism of Julian of Toledo
Profile of the human, theological and pastoral personality of Julian of Toledo
The death of Julian of Toledo and the cult of veneration
Conclusion

B)
The works attributed with certainty to Julian of Toledo
The Elogium Ildephonsi (667)
The Historia Wambae Regis, seu Liber Historiae de eo quod Wambae principis tempore in Galliis extitit gestum (672-673)
The Ars grammatica attributed to Julian of Toledo (680-687)
The De comprobatione sextae aetatis mundi libri tres (686)
Antikeimenon libri duo, seu Liber de diversis (On the contradictory texts) (680-690)
The Apologeticum Fidei (683-684)
The Apologeticum de tribus capitulis
The querelle between Toledo and Rome in the judgment of historians
The relationships of the Hispanic-Visigothic Church with the Church of Rome
The precedent: the case of the letter of Honorius I to the Spanish Bishops and the firm answer of Braulio of Saragossa
The lost works of Julian of Toledo
The works not attributed to Julian of Toledo

Notes to the Chapter II

CHAPTER III:
THE PROGNOSTICUM FUTURI SAECULI: THE MOST ANCIENT SYSTEMATIC TREATISE OF CHRISTIAN ESCHATOLOGY

The main work of Julian of Toledo: the Prognosticum futuri saeculi
The extraordinary fortune of the Prognosticum: the manuscript question
The editions of the Prognosticum recently published
Finality and characteristics of the Prognosticum
The Prognosticum as a dogmatic work of Christian Eschatology
Development or evolution of the Christian dogma in the Prognosticum?
The original contribution of the Prognosticum futuri saeculi to Christian Eschatology: the doctrine of purification in the afterlife
The genesis of the Prognosticum: the theological dialogue between Julian of Toledo and Idalius of Barcelona
The title of the work
Knowledge of the Greek language at the time of Julian of Toledo
Did Julian know Greek?
The edition and the structure of the Prognosticum
The literary, biblical and patristic sources of the Prognosticum
The mnemonic ability of Julian of Toledo in the Prognosticum
The introductory letters to the Prognosticum
The letters of Idalius, Bishop of Barcelona
The letter of Idalius to Julian of Toledo
The letter of Idalius to Suntfredus, Bishop of Narbonne
The letter-preface of Julian of Toledo to the Prognosticum
The probable second dedication of the Prognosticum to the Bishop Spassandus
The Julian’s Oratio ad Deum
The originality of the theological method of Julian of Toledo
The Latin of Julian
The rich library of Julian of Toledo
The codex-book in the VII century
The Latin biblical text quoted by Julian
The influence of the Eschatology in the Prognosticum futuri saeculi on medieval Eschatology
The reasons for so much success of the Prognosticum in medieval epoch
The Prognosticum futuri saeculi as work of anti-apocaliptic Eschatology
The Prognosticum futuri saeculi as systematic native source of the Christian Eschatology
The complex question of the manuscripts of the Prognosticum futuri saeculi and its diffusion in medieval Europe
The editio princeps incunabula and the publishing history of the Prognosticum futuri saeculi
The critical edition of the Prognosticum futuri saeculi cura et studio of J.N. Hillgarth (1976)
The criteria of translation

Notes to the Chapter III

CHAPTER IV: A THEOLOGICAL COMMENTARY OF THE PROGNOSTICUM FUTURI SAECULI OF JULIAN OF TOLEDO

The theological and anthropological characteristic of the Eschatology of Julian of Toledo

Book I: The mystery of Death

The theology of death in the Prognosticum futuri saeculi of Julian of Toledo
The origin or the “first time” of death (Prognosticum I, i)
The human being created exempt from death, but rightly become mortal (Prognosticum I, ii-iii)
The word “death”: a creative etymology (Prognosticum I, iiii)
There is death and death: the science of the distinction (Prognosticum I, v)
The phenomenology of death (Prognosticum I, vi)
The spirituality of Christian death: death as expiatory penitence (Prognosticum I, vii)
The transforming power of the Christian faith: from the bad to the good death (Prognosticum I, viii)
The usual objection: why do those redeemed from sin and death continue to die? (Prognosticum I, viiii)
The mysterious “presences” to the bedside of the dying persons: the psicopomp angels (Prognosticum I, x)
The fear of bodily death (Prognosticum I xi-xii)
The pastoral ministry of death (Prognosticum I, xiii)
Christians do not fear death (Prognosticum I, xiiii)
The desirable death and reunion with loved ones:
    - Apocalyptic language
    - Destiny of the individual
    - Christian and ecclesiological personalism of death (Prognosticum I, xv)
The exemplifying paraenesis of the Shepherd (Prognosticum I, xvi)
How to conquer the fear of death (Prognosticum I, xvii)
Preparation for death (Prognosticum I, xviii)
Pastoral dispositions for the sepulchres and the care of the dead bodies: the body as temple of the Holy Spirit, the natural love for the body and the future and Christological destiny of the human body (Prognosticum I, xviiii)
Buried together with the martyrs waiting for the resurrection (Prognosticum I, xx-xxi)
The biblical and ecclesiological doctrine about the sacrifices to be offered to God for the purification of the dead (Prognosticum I, xxii)

Book II: Post mortem animae non sunt otiosae: the intermediate Eschatology

The survival and the subsistence of the soul after death. The first theoretical systematization of the intermediate phase in Christian Eschatology
The question of the relative beatitude and the absolute beatitude
Two paradises: the distinction (Prognosticum II, i)
Is a location of heaven possible? (Prognosticum, II, ii-iii): a model of demythologization of Eschatology in the Prognosticum futuri saeculi
Two hells? (Prognosticum II, iiii)
Hell, an etymology (Prognosticum II, v)
Hell is not material (Prognosticum II, vi)
It is useless to seek hell underground (Prognosticum, II, vii)
The immediate reward of the souls of the dead (Prognosticum, II, viii): intermediate eschatology and the theology of purification of the souls
The theory of the “receptacles “ (Prognosticum II, ix)
The theology of the “healing” of the souls (Prognosticum II, x)
The restitution of the glorified body improves the already present vision of God (Prognosticum II, xi)
The mystery of the descent of Christ into Sheòl (Prognosticum II, xii)
The immediate and symmetric reward of saints and sinners (Prognosticum II, xiii)
The eternity of hell (Prognosticum II, xiiii)
The vitality of the soul after separation from the body (Prognosticum II, xv)
The resemblance between soul and body (Prognosticum II, xvi)
The incorporeal soul feels the torment of the bodily fire (Prognosticum II, xvii)
The one and only infernal fire punishes in diversified way (Prognosticum II, xviii)
The theology of Purgatory (Prognosticum II, xix-xxiii)
The mutual relationships between the souls of the deceased and their knowledge of reality (Prognosticum II, xxiiii)
Praying for everyone (also for the damned)? (Prognosticum II, xxv)
The ecclesial communion between the heavenly church and the terrestrial church
(Prognosticum II, xxvi)
The joy and sadness of the souls, as well as the worry and care for the living (Prognosticum II, xxvii)
The ecclesiology of the mystical body applied to Eschatology (Prognosticum, II, xxviii)
The degree of knowledge of the dead (Prognosticum II, xxviiii)
The apparitions of the dead (Prognosticum II, xxx)
Again on the knowledge of the souls: the special knowledge of the holy souls (Prognosticum II, xxxi)
Uncertainties and doubts about the knowledge of the soul before and after the Christological event (Prognosticum II, xxxii)
The crucial problem of the intermediate eschatology: the life of the soul after death (Prognosticum II, xxxiii)
The soul has a certain bodily resemblance, from which derives its sensibility for the pleasing or sad things (Prognosticum II, xxxiiii)
The beatitude of the first and second “stole” (Prognosticum II, xxxv)
The simple, immense vision of God is the eschatological reward (Prognosticum II, xxxvi)
Not only the martyrs but all the saints reign with Christ (Prognosticum II, xxxvii)

Book III: Human corporeality has an eternal destiny

The theology of the resurrection: the anthropological realism of the resurrection of the human body and Christology as source and cause of the resurrection in the eschatology of Julian of Toledo
The ignorance of the date of the Parousia (Prognosticum III, i)
The “place” of the judgment: demythologization of the “valley of Jehoshaphat” (Prognosticum III, ii)
The “time” of the judgment: (Prognosticum III, iii)
The Christological modalities of the Parousia (Prognosticum III, iiii)
The great sign of the cross will precede Christ the judge (Prognosticum III, v)
The destiny of Satan (Prognosticum III, vi)
The Parousia is one but diversified (Prognosticum III, vii)
The vision of glorious Christ will be ocular and bodily (Prognosticum III, viii)
The Parousia will be of the Son, not of God the Father (Prognosticum III, viiii)
The “when” of the Parousia (Prognosticum III, x)
The final tribunal of history (Prognosticum III, xi)
Not only the historical apostles, but all the just will judge (Prognosticum III, xii-xiii)
The fact of the final resurrection of the bodies (Prognosticum III, xiiii)
The apocalyptic frame of the judgment and the resurrection (Prognosticum III, xv)
The difference between universal resurrection and glorious transformation (Prognosticum III, xvi)
The realism of the risen body (Prognosticum III xvii)
The spirituality of the risen body (Prognosticum III, xviii)
The qualities of the risen bodies (Prognosticum III, xviiii)
Questiunculae about the resurrection and the risen ones (Prognosticum III, xx-xxxi)
    a) Stature and age of the risen ones (Prognosticum III, xx)
    b) Tall or short, thin or fat? (Prognosticum III, xxi)
    c) The bodily perfection of the risen ones excludes every defect (Prognosticum III, xxii)
    d) No reflection about the risen body of the damned (Prognosticum III, xxiii)
    e) The sexuality of the risen: defense of female corporeity and femininity (Prognosticum III, xxiiii).
    f) Eating and drinking as risen (Prognosticum III, xxv)
    g) The garments of the risen ones (Prognosticum III, xxvi)
    h) The embryos and their right to the final resurrection (Prognosticum III, xxvii)
    i) Again on the bodily deformities (Prognosticum III, xxviii)
    j) The eschatological destiny of those devoured or mutilated (Prognosticum III, xxviiii)
    k) The invalid, the mutilated, the crippled and the resurrection (Prognosticum III, xxx)
    l) The last questiuncula: the risen body is restored even in its smallest realities (Prognosticum III, xxxi)
The resurrection for the “second death” (Prognosticum III, xxxii)
The judgment of God and questions about the fire of damnation (Prognosticum III, xxxiii-xxxxiiii)
The last Christological change and the charity of the Lord Jesus Christ (Prognosticum III, xxxxv and l)
The farewell to the old world and the inauguration of the new earth and the new heaven (Prognosticum III, xxxxvi-xxxxviiii)
The gnoseological difference of the risen ones (Prognosticum III, li)
The celestial world: the condition of the blessed (Prognosticum III, li-lxii)
    a) The risen body can ascend to heaven by divine virtue (Prognosticum III, lii)
    b) The modality of the vision of God (Prognosticum III, liii)
    c) The knowledge of God in the world to come (Prognosticum III, liiii)
    d) The blessed ones are free beings (Prognosticum III, lvi)
    e) Memory and forgetfulness in the world to come (Prognosticum III, lvii)
    f) Harmony of the differences (Prognosticum III, lviii)
    g) The vital and joyful prayer of praise of the blessed ones (Prognosticum III, lviiii)
    h) Eternal life is endless (Prognosticum III, lx)
    i) God gives himself to the blessed (Prognosticum III, lxi)
    j) The end without an end is the beginning that will never end (Prognosticum III, lxii)

Notes on the Chapter IV

English Translation of the Books I-III of the Prognosticum Futuri Saeculi:

Letters of Idalius of Barcelona
Praefatio and Oratio Iuliani

- Book I: on the origin of human death: chapters I-XXII
Notes on the Book I
- Book II: on the souls of the dead: their situation before the final resurrection of the bodies: Chapters  I-XXXVII
Notes on the Book II
- Book III: on the final resurrection of the bodies: Chapters I-LXII
Notes on the Book III

Table of contents
Index of the Biblical citations of the Prognosticum futuri saeculi
Index of the Fathers of the Church quoted in the Prognosticum futuri saeculi
Index of the authors quoted in the Introduction.  

A sample of English translation


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